Micronutrients: Sodium

3 minute read  |  Produced: March 2022

Key points:

  • Sodium is an essential mineral needed in small amounts by the body.
  • Sodium is most consumed as salt, and adults should aim for no more than 1 teaspoon (5g) of salt per day.
  • Excess salt intake increases risk of chronic diseases.
  • Reduce your salt intake by making sauces, stocks and dips at home, or go for low or no salt alternatives when grocery shopping.

In this factsheet:


What is sodium? Sodium is an essential micronutrient used by the body for a range of physiological mechanisms. It ensures that fluids are in a normal balance in our body and plays a role in nerve and muscle function[1]. Are sodium and salt the same thing? Sodium is consumed in food mainly as sodium chloride,...